Wednesday, 12 January 2011, 6:00PM
Museum of London

Blindness in Children: The Global Perspective

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD, Professor Clare Gilbert

Professor Clare Gilbert, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

It is not only a personal tragedy to be born or to acquire blindness in early life but also a major socio-economic problem.  Tragically many cases are preventable. Professor Gilbert will explain why children become blind and how programs instigated worldwide treatment and prevent blindness.

This is a part of Professor Ayliffe's 2010/2011 series of lectures as Gresham Professor of Physic.  The other lectures in this series include:
        Fun with Visual Illusions
        Correction of Optical Defects: From Spectacles to Lasers
        Diabetes, Hypertension and Vasular Diseases of the Eye
        Why we see what we do
        Colour

professor-william-ayliffe-frcs-phd

Professor William Ayliffe is Emeritus Professor of Physic at Gresham College and a Consultant Ophthalmologist at the Lister Hospital in London.  As well as being a practising clinician and teacher, he also continues to carry out clinical research into the prevention of blindness.

After taking a first in Immunology at Imperial College, Professor Ayliffe qualified in Medicine in St. Bartholomew's Hospital London. Specialising in inflammatory eye diseases and corneal and cataract surgery he held a research registrar post at Oxford, before training in clinical ophthalmology in Bristol, Manchester and Harvard USA. His PhD was on mechanisms of corneal transplant failure. He has worked in developing countries and also with ORBIS, the international flying eye hospital.

In addition to general ophthalmology, Professor Ayliffe has developed a local and tertiary referral service for cornea, uveitis and inflammatory eye disease. Professor Ayliffe is a winner of the prestigious Wix Prize for the History of Medicine and the Kabi-Pharmacia Prize for immunological mechanisms of corneal transplant rejection.  He is a Reviewer for a number of professional journals including Eye, British Journal of Ophthalmology, Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, he is an Examiner for the Royal College of Ophthalmologists and an Advisor to the UK Transplant Service.  He has undertaken wide media and TV work for the national press, the BBC and Channel 4, has an extensive range of publications and has delivered prestigious lectures all over the world.

Professor Ayliffe took up his Gresham Professorship in 2009, the 200th anniversary of Louis Braille's birth.  His lectures offered a cultural and scientific survey of the eye and vision, centring on the biological and cultural aspects of the human eye and vision, covering the overlapping medical, philosophical and humanitarian concerns of this area.

All of Professor Ayliffe's previous lectures may be accessed here.

Read More
Read Less
professor-clare-gilbert

Clare Gilbert is Professor of International Eye Health, at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), University of London.

Professor Gilbert worked as a clinical ophthalmologist for 10 years, and has an MD in Surgical Retina. She completed the MSc in Epidemiology at LSHTM 1995, and worked in the Department of Preventive Ophthalmology, Institute of Ophthalmology, London from 1990 before joining the London School in 2002. Clare is Professor of International Eye Health in the International Centre for Eye Health (ICEH), and has been the Medical Advisor to Sight Savers International since 1995. Since January 2006 Clare has been Co-Director of ICEH and is a member of the School's Ethics Committee.

Professor Gilbert is in overall charge of the research undertaken by the International Centre for Eye Health. The research agenda is in line with the priorities of VISION 2020 the Right to Sight, and includes the following areas: infectious diseases (e.g. trachoma); diseases of the elderly (e.g. cataract; glaucoma; national surveys of the prevalence and causes of blindness); childhood blindness studies and Cochrane systematic reviews. Over the last 10 years the eye group have given technical support to national surveys in Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nigeria.

Professor Gilbert's own research focus is on the epidemiology of blindness in children, particularly in middle and low income countries. Recent projects include a national study of the prevalence and causes of blindness in children in Bangladesh using Key Informants as case finders, with an emphasis on childhood cataract; a cohort and nested case control study of retinopathy of prematurity in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to establish screening criteria and to explore risk factors; a study in Tanzanian school children to determine the most cost effective means of identifying children with significant refractive errors as well as exploring factors which influence spectacle wearing. Ongoing studies include a study to explore the effectiveness of low vision care for children in 3 countries in Asia and an inteverntion study to assess the impact of training neonatal nurses on the outcomes of neonatal care, including retinopathy of prematurity in Brazil. Clare was the principal applicant on a recent twin study of macular pigment with collaborators at St Thomas' Hospital and the Institute of Ophthalmology.

The findings of Professor Gilbert's research have been used to assist in planning and evaluating eye care programmes for children. She was involved in planning and evaluating a national programme for childhood cataract in Bangladesh, and evaluated a training programme in India for retinopathy of prematurity. Clare has also facilitated several workshop in Latin America, to develop programmes for screening and treating retinopathy of prematurity.

Read More
Read Less

Transcript

12 January 2011

Blindness in Children: The Global Perspective
Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Professor Clare Gilbert

View PDF
Print
Related Future Lectures
Related Past Lectures
WATCHED
Part of a series

Sudden Death in the Young: A Terrible Waste

Professor Martin Elliott
Wednesday, 18 January 2017 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

Cheats, Liars and Fornicators: The Hidden Face of Mother Nature

Professor Steve Jones
Tuesday, 31 January 2017 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

The History of Local Anaesthesia

Dr William Harrop-Griffiths
Monday, 6 February 2017 - 1:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

The Right Stuff: How Do We Make Moral Choices?

Professor Gwen Adshead
Wednesday, 8 February 2017 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

Affairs of the Heart: An Exploration of the Symbolism of the Heart in Art

Professor Martin Elliott
Tuesday, 14 February 2017 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

I Won't Have Blood! A Battle Between Belief and Duty?

Professor Martin Elliott
Wednesday, 15 March 2017 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

The Curious Case of the Decapitated Frog

Professor Alexander Klein
Thursday, 1 December 2016 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

Seeing Through the Lies: Innovation and the Need for Transparency

Professor Martin Elliott
Wednesday, 23 November 2016 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

The Prevention of Cancer

Professor Chris Whitty
Wednesday, 16 November 2016 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

A Little Light Relief

Professor David Phillips CBE
Wednesday, 2 November 2016 - 1:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

The Treatment of Cancer

Professor Chris Whitty
Wednesday, 26 October 2016 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

Van Eyck's The Virgin with the Canon: Visual Disability and Societal Attitudes as Depicted in the Northern Renaissance

Louis Clearkin FRCS
Tuesday, 25 October 2016 - 1:00PM
WATCHED

The Iconography of Blindness: How artists have portrayed the blind

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 14 May 2014 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

Artificial Eye, Artificial Vision: How does my robot see?

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 9 April 2014 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

Eye on the Future: How can modern scientific knowledge help to prevent blindness

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 26 February 2014 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

Return of the Microbes: How infections are once more taking over

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 29 January 2014 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

Transplantation and the Eye

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 27 November 2013 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

The Eye at War: Preventing and treating combat injuries a 2000 year journey

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 30 October 2013 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

The Window on the Soul

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 29 May 2013 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

Technology and Vision

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 17 April 2013 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

Animal Eyes

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 27 February 2013 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

Vision and the Artist

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 30 January 2013 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

The Evolution of Vision

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 21 November 2012 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

The Ageing Eye

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 24 October 2012 - 6:00PM