Wednesday, 17 November 2010, 12:00AM
Museum of London

Correction of Optical Defects: From Spectacles to Lasers

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD

Despite sophisticated techniques; Laser, intraocular surgery and contact lenses; spectacles remain the most popular method for correcting optical defects of the eye.  Roger Bacon (1266) proposed that convex lenses could be used for elderly people with failing sight, replacing crystals used for magnification.  Printing exploded the need for spectacles and by the close of the 20th century amazing advances in surgery corrected vision defects.

This is a part of Professor Ayliffe's 2010/2011 series of lectures as Gresham Professor of Physic.  The other lectures in this series include:

        Fun with Visual Illusions
         Diabetes, Hypertension and Vasular Diseases of the Eye
         Blindness in Children: The Global Perspective
         Why we see what we do
         Colour

professor-william-ayliffe-frcs-phd

Professor William Ayliffe is Emeritus Professor of Physic at Gresham College and a Consultant Ophthalmologist at the Lister Hospital in London.  As well as being a practising clinician and teacher, he also continues to carry out clinical research into the prevention of blindness.

After taking a first in Immunology at Imperial College, Professor Ayliffe qualified in Medicine in St. Bartholomew's Hospital London. Specialising in inflammatory eye diseases and corneal and cataract surgery he held a research registrar post at Oxford, before training in clinical ophthalmology in Bristol, Manchester and Harvard USA. His PhD was on mechanisms of corneal transplant failure. He has worked in developing countries and also with ORBIS, the international flying eye hospital.

In addition to general ophthalmology, Professor Ayliffe has developed a local and tertiary referral service for cornea, uveitis and inflammatory eye disease. Professor Ayliffe is a winner of the prestigious Wix Prize for the History of Medicine and the Kabi-Pharmacia Prize for immunological mechanisms of corneal transplant rejection.  He is a Reviewer for a number of professional journals including Eye, British Journal of Ophthalmology, Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, he is an Examiner for the Royal College of Ophthalmologists and an Advisor to the UK Transplant Service.  He has undertaken wide media and TV work for the national press, the BBC and Channel 4, has an extensive range of publications and has delivered prestigious lectures all over the world.

Professor Ayliffe took up his Gresham Professorship in 2009, the 200th anniversary of Louis Braille's birth.  His lectures offered a cultural and scientific survey of the eye and vision, centring on the biological and cultural aspects of the human eye and vision, covering the overlapping medical, philosophical and humanitarian concerns of this area.

All of Professor Ayliffe's previous lectures may be accessed here.

Read More
Read Less

Transcript

17 November 2010

Correction of Optical Defects: From Spectacles to Lasers
Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD

View PDF
Print
Related Future Lectures
Related Past Lectures
WATCHED
Part of a series

The Rhythm of Life: The Beat and Dance of the Heart

Professor Martin Elliott
Wednesday, 12 October 2016 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

Van Eyck's The Virgin with the Canon: Visual Disability and Societal Attitudes as Depicted in the Northern Renaissance

Louis Clearkin FRCS
Tuesday, 25 October 2016 - 1:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

The Treatment of Cancer

Professor Chris Whitty
Wednesday, 26 October 2016 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

A Little Light Relief

Professor David Phillips CBE
Wednesday, 2 November 2016 - 1:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

The Prevention of Cancer

Professor Chris Whitty
Wednesday, 16 November 2016 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

Seeing Through the Lies: Innovation and the Need for Transparency

Professor Martin Elliott
Wednesday, 23 November 2016 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

The Zika Virus, Dengue and the Yellow Fever Mosquito

Professor Francis Cox DSc
Thursday, 15 September 2016 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

Changing Minds and Changing Risk

Professor Gwen Adshead
Wednesday, 15 June 2016 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

The Criminal Mind: The relationships between criminology and psychology

Professor Gwen Adshead
Tuesday, 7 June 2016 - 1:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

The Size of a Walnut: Your Heart in Their Hands

Professor Martin Elliott
Wednesday, 25 May 2016 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

Changing Minds and Mental Development

Professor Gwen Adshead
Wednesday, 18 May 2016 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

Dementia: At Risk of Being Forgotten?

Professor Chris Whitty
Wednesday, 27 April 2016 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

The Iconography of Blindness: How artists have portrayed the blind

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 14 May 2014 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

Artificial Eye, Artificial Vision: How does my robot see?

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 9 April 2014 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

Eye on the Future: How can modern scientific knowledge help to prevent blindness

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 26 February 2014 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

Return of the Microbes: How infections are once more taking over

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 29 January 2014 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

Transplantation and the Eye

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 27 November 2013 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

The Eye at War: Preventing and treating combat injuries a 2000 year journey

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 30 October 2013 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

The Window on the Soul

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 29 May 2013 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

Technology and Vision

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 17 April 2013 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

Animal Eyes

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 27 February 2013 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

Vision and the Artist

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 30 January 2013 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

The Evolution of Vision

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 21 November 2012 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

The Ageing Eye

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 24 October 2012 - 6:00PM