Homo sapiens evolved over the last million years during which time the climate fluctuated strongly. Ice accumulated and melted again, exposing and flooding the continental shelves - land which was colonised by plants and animals. About 3000 such prehistoric sites with archaeological remains have been found on the sea floor by divers.
Dr Nicholas Flemming is a marine geo-archaeologist from the Institute of Oceanography at the University of Southampton.
Dr Flemming was Director of the British national oceanographic data centre from 1980 till 1987 to take later the position of the chairman of the IODE Committee of the IOC which he occupied till1992. He was Director of EuroGOOS Office and Member of the GOOS Steering Group until 2001.
Dr Flemming's book, co-edited with Amanda M. Evans and Joseph C. Flatman, Prehistoric Archaeology on the Continental Shelf, was published in 2014.