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Thursday, 28 May 2009, 10:00AM
Barnard's Inn Hall

Decision-making in Health and Disease - Part One

Dr Elizabeth Rounis, Dr Louise Whitley, Professor Michael Cooper, Dr Nick Wright, Mr Brian Lowings, Steven Fleming

The talks in this first part of the symposium include the following:

The mathematical brain:What is a decision, and what's going on in the brain? by Elisabeth Rounis and Louise Whiteley 

Decisions in the real world range from simple choices such as which bag of sweets to buy, to complex decisions such as which flat to rent. One problem we often face is that sometimes the options aren't clear, and we need to gather information to help us decide - for example, when you think you recognise a friend walking towards you, but wait until they get a bit closer before you start waving and calling their name. Often, we don't have time to gather all the relevant information, so the brain makes a trade-off between speed and accuracy - if the person you think you recognise is about to jump on a bus, you might risk feeling a bit silly and call their name even before you are completely sure it's them! In this talk, we explore how the brain gathers information in favour of different options, and in particular how prior knowledge may influence these decisions - in the example, knowing that you are close to your friend's house might make you more confident it was them.

The fussy brain: What makes one option more attractive than another? by Louise Whiteley and Steven Fleming

In the 19th century, Jeremy Bentham suggested that we should act to maximise utility - choosing actions that lead to the greatest happiness. Although his ideas are still controversial, in one sense Bentham anticipated scientific studies of decision making today - his founding principle was that it is part of human nature to be driven towards things that give us pleasure. Similarly, understanding decision making in the brain starts from the principle that we weigh up the value of different outcomes, and pick the action that is likely to lead to the highest utility over time. How do we learn what is most valuable? How does the brain deal with probabilities and tradeoffs between different sources of information? Here we explore these questions, outlining different approaches the brain takes to solving these problems and the evolutionary roots of value.

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Dr Rounis graduated from the University College London combined MB/PhD Programme in 2007. Her PhD was funded by a Brain Research Trust Prize studentship and was based at the Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders, Institute of Neurology, UCL. She completed her general medical training starting as an Academic Foundation Trainee in the North Central Thames Deanery, and completed her Core Medical Training in the Oxford Deanery. She was appointed as a Clinical Lecturer in Neurology at Oxford University in 2011.

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dr-louise-whitley

Honorary Researcher, Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit, University College London

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Michael Cooper was Professor of Engineering Surveying at City University, London, from 1975. He was the author of two books on Hooke and London. He passed away in 2012.

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dr-nick-wright

Dr Wright is an associate in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment and a Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow. His research draws on his background in neuroscience to explore political decision making in economics and nuclear security.

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mr-brian-lowings

Master of the Worshipful Company of Scientific Instrument Makers.

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