Wednesday, 27 February 2013, 6:00PM
Museum of London

Animal Eyes

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD

How does my dog see?  Do eagles have better vision than humans?  This homocentric view of vision with its associated mythology is explored in this review of survival strategies used by various animals in their environments.  The way we see is predicated by what we need to see. From prawns to birds we will explore how eyes have adapted to be perfect for the tasks assigned to them.  No longer can we claim that our human vision is the standard by which other animals must be judged as either inferior or superior.

This is a part of Professor Ayliffe's 2012/2013 series of lectures as Gresham Professor of Physic.  The other lectures in this series include:
     The Aging Eye
     The Evolution of Vision
     Vision and the Artist
     Technology and Vision
     The Window on the Soul

professor-william-ayliffe-frcs-phd

Professor William Ayliffe is Emeritus Professor of Physic at Gresham College and a Consultant Ophthalmologist at the Lister Hospital in London.  As well as being a practising clinician and teacher, he also continues to carry out clinical research into the prevention of blindness.

After taking a first in Immunology at Imperial College, Professor Ayliffe qualified in Medicine in St. Bartholomew's Hospital London. Specialising in inflammatory eye diseases and corneal and cataract surgery he held a research registrar post at Oxford, before training in clinical ophthalmology in Bristol, Manchester and Harvard USA. His PhD was on mechanisms of corneal transplant failure. He has worked in developing countries and also with ORBIS, the international flying eye hospital.

In addition to general ophthalmology, Professor Ayliffe has developed a local and tertiary referral service for cornea, uveitis and inflammatory eye disease. Professor Ayliffe is a winner of the prestigious Wix Prize for the History of Medicine and the Kabi-Pharmacia Prize for immunological mechanisms of corneal transplant rejection.  He is a Reviewer for a number of professional journals including Eye, British Journal of Ophthalmology, Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, he is an Examiner for the Royal College of Ophthalmologists and an Advisor to the UK Transplant Service.  He has undertaken wide media and TV work for the national press, the BBC and Channel 4, has an extensive range of publications and has delivered prestigious lectures all over the world.

Professor Ayliffe took up his Gresham Professorship in 2009, the 200th anniversary of Louis Braille's birth.  His lectures offered a cultural and scientific survey of the eye and vision, centring on the biological and cultural aspects of the human eye and vision, covering the overlapping medical, philosophical and humanitarian concerns of this area.

All of Professor Ayliffe's previous lectures may be accessed here.

Read More
Read Less

Transcript

27 February 2013

Animal Eyes
Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD

View PDF
Print
Related Past Lectures
WATCHED

Climate Change: A Defining Challenge for the 21st Century

Dame Julia Slingo FRS
Thursday, 14 June 2018 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

Who's to Blame for Britain's Floods?

Professor Carolyn Roberts
Thursday, 31 May 2018 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

Media Reporting of Medical Advances: Helpful or Misleading?

Professor Martin Elliott
Wednesday, 23 May 2018 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

Facts Matter, But They Aren't Enough: Science, Faith and Meaning in Life

Professor Alister McGrath
Tuesday, 8 May 2018 - 1:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

Air Pollution: Its Impact on Health and Possible Solutions

Professor Chris Whitty
Wednesday, 25 April 2018 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

The Philosophy of Time: Does Physics Have The Last Word?

Professor Raymond Tallis
Tuesday, 10 April 2018 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

The Iconography of Blindness: How artists have portrayed the blind

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 14 May 2014 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

Artificial Eye, Artificial Vision: How does my robot see?

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 9 April 2014 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

Eye on the Future: How can modern scientific knowledge help to prevent blindness

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 26 February 2014 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

Return of the Microbes: How infections are once more taking over

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 29 January 2014 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

Transplantation and the Eye

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 27 November 2013 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

The Eye at War: Preventing and treating combat injuries a 2000 year journey

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 30 October 2013 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

The Window on the Soul

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 29 May 2013 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

Technology and Vision

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 17 April 2013 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

Vision and the Artist

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 30 January 2013 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

The Evolution of Vision

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 21 November 2012 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

The Ageing Eye

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 24 October 2012 - 6:00PM
WATCHED
Part of a series

Colour

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Wednesday, 30 March 2011 - 6:00PM
WATCHED

Humphry Davy and his Experiments with Nitrous Oxide

Dr William Harrop-Griffiths
Monday, 6 February 2017 - 1:58PM
WATCHED

What is it about Cocaine that makes it addictive?

Dr William Harrop-Griffiths
Monday, 6 February 2017 - 1:55PM
WATCHED

The Role of Collaboration in Nature and its Link to Success

Professor Steve Jones
Tuesday, 31 January 2017 - 6:59PM
WATCHED

The Offspring of Semi-Female Mimics in Ruffs

Professor Steve Jones
Tuesday, 31 January 2017 - 6:58PM
WATCHED

What Is The Advantage To The Flowers That Are 'Orchid-Mimics'?

Professor Steve Jones
Tuesday, 31 January 2017 - 6:56PM
WATCHED

An Interesting Fact About Female Swordtail Fish

Professor Steve Jones
Tuesday, 31 January 2017 - 6:55PM