Monday, 2 November 2009, 12:00AM
Museum of London

i-dentity

Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD, Professor John Marshall MBE

Identifying people is a fundamental skill and special areas of the brain are hard wired for recognising faces. Non-subjective artificial recognition of individuals has become increasingly important. The recent advent of computerisation for facial recognition can be used to identify a person on an image. More accurate identification can be obtained by analysis of the iris but this requires co-operation of the individual. Discrimination between people can also be undertaken remotely, by analysing their retinal images.  Professor Marshall will describe these new techniques and their controversial applications.

Professor John Marshall is from the Raynes Institute, St. Thomas' Hospital.  He delivered this lecture as a part of the series, A cultural and scientific survey of the eye and vision. The other lectures in the series include:     
      The human eye and vision
      Braille and the history of blindness
      The history of Cataract Surgery
      Visual Perception
      Inflammatory Eye Disease

professor-william-ayliffe-frcs-phd

Professor William Ayliffe is Emeritus Professor of Physic at Gresham College and a Consultant Ophthalmologist at the Lister Hospital in London.  As well as being a practising clinician and teacher, he also continues to carry out clinical research into the prevention of blindness.

After taking a first in Immunology at Imperial College, Professor Ayliffe qualified in Medicine in St. Bartholomew's Hospital London. Specialising in inflammatory eye diseases and corneal and cataract surgery he held a research registrar post at Oxford, before training in clinical ophthalmology in Bristol, Manchester and Harvard USA. His PhD was on mechanisms of corneal transplant failure. He has worked in developing countries and also with ORBIS, the international flying eye hospital.

In addition to general ophthalmology, Professor Ayliffe has developed a local and tertiary referral service for cornea, uveitis and inflammatory eye disease. Professor Ayliffe is a winner of the prestigious Wix Prize for the History of Medicine and the Kabi-Pharmacia Prize for immunological mechanisms of corneal transplant rejection.  He is a Reviewer for a number of professional journals including Eye, British Journal of Ophthalmology, Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, he is an Examiner for the Royal College of Ophthalmologists and an Advisor to the UK Transplant Service.  He has undertaken wide media and TV work for the national press, the BBC and Channel 4, has an extensive range of publications and has delivered prestigious lectures all over the world.

Professor Ayliffe took up his Gresham Professorship in 2009, the 200th anniversary of Louis Braille's birth.  His lectures offered a cultural and scientific survey of the eye and vision, centring on the biological and cultural aspects of the human eye and vision, covering the overlapping medical, philosophical and humanitarian concerns of this area.

All of Professor Ayliffe's previous lectures may be accessed here.

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professor-john-marshall-mbe

Professor John Marshall is Professor of Ophthalmology at the Institute of Ophthalmology in association with Moorfield's Eye Hospital, UCL and was until 2009 the Frost Professor of Ophthalmology and Chairman of the Academic Department of Ophthalmology, at St Thomas' Hospital, KCL.

His research over the past forty years has covered a range of ocular problems but has concentrated on the inter-relationships between light and aging, the mechanisms underlying age-related, diabetic and inherited retinal disease, and the development of lasers for use in ophthalmic diagnosis and surgery. This work has resulted in almost 400 research papers and numerous book chapters and books.

He invented and patented the revolutionary Excimer laser for the correction of refractive disorders with in excess of 30 million procedures now having been undertaken worldwide. He also created the world's first Diode laser for treating eye problems of diabetes, glaucoma and aging.

Professor Marshall is editor and co-editor of numerous international journals.

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Transcript

2 November 2009

i-dentity
Professor William Ayliffe FRCS PhD
Professor John Marshall MBE

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